T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide directions to share, connect ideas across the void of area and also time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of deep space, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Look about. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing jugs complete of grain here? These holy places likewise acted as big storehouses. Repository for the enormous riches of the city. In great times, gifts flowed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what took place.
The sign for the cow was comprehended not only as a representative of the pet, yet likewise as a word cow therefore. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And also right here comes a delighted etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple speaking with each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to think of pictures as audios and combining noises together allows you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Quickly people check out personalities composed sidewards from left to right. Yet because they were upside down, they were much more abstract currently. Also more different from the pictures and things they made use of to represent. This composing system was after that adopted by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it much more. Aspects or tiny characters have actually additionally been added to figure out which part of the speech was which, to stay clear of ambiguity.
And currently you have an actual writing system.
Initial pictures, however also pictograms transformed from them they entirely vanished into the wedge prints as well as lines created by the stylus after that preferred. Which suggests rather than a handful of nouns to be created to supply listings here we have a writing system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical things like the Impressive of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we recognize all this? Funny thing concerning clay: When a location refute and also all your records get on clay, rather than being ruined, they solidify as well as continue to be.
But it will not happen below for some time. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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