T11his capability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, provide guidelines to reveal, communicate ideas across the abyss of space and time has made it possible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and yards. What do you see towering over it all? Temples. These holy places play a large role in why writing started. Due to the fact that Sumer was the nation of the initial actual cities in the globe.
Not thousands of people or hundreds of people, but with each other tens of thousands. And these cities developed city-states, united by the prayer of a specific team of gods. Individuals controlled irrigation as well as cities expanded. And as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of products, relocating to and also from the temple each day, they needed to keep documents somehow. And also that’s specifically what he does. That table will be saved later on, to make sure that the priests might know specifically what they contend hand in their gigantic holy place storehouse. However although brand names have their location in the original writing, there is something far more interesting for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
He attracted a small image of a grain stalk beside his records, so it is clear that his data describe grain. For generations, this wonderful little drawing of grain has been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were looking for faster as well as less complicated means to record commodities, they did not laboriously attract every sub-item gave the holy place, however rather they pertained to an equally agreed collection of even more symbolic representations for goods flowing right into sanctuaries. And you can see exactly how someone might take place, that these symbols need not only represent the idea of something, however additionally words itself.
Which’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And also below comes a pleased etymological coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple chatting to each various other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are made up of word make-up. Both of these factors are essential because when most of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to assume of a symbol as a word, however as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a sign showing a word as well as begin to think of the basic significance of its sound, which can indicate much more certain points. As soon as you do this, you will certainly not attract photos for each and every word in the language.
Now you begin to assume of images as audios and also incorporating noises together allows you to develop various words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that in Sumerian a variety of terms were based on straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain might suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of photos. Yet we’re refrained yet. Because just how the scribes composed has transformed the method we write in Western countries today. Do you remember exactly how our good friend in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient people in the temple really did not like the advancement. It was much easier for scribes, but other literate individuals, who needed to read it found out from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards creating. So what did the scribes do? They merely turned all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could transform the table and also review it inside out as common.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
How do you usually spend your evenings? We know a cool way to relax after a difficult day! Besides, our projects will help you to spend time with your family and friends and have a lot of fun. Drawing is a very cool hobby! You can spend evenings with your family creating cool patterns, drawing cute animals and even learning spirograph art that is a surprising way to relax and even to meditate.
Zentangle art is a very therapeutic and creative process that helps to relax and forget about everyday problems. If you love doodling try to draw simple kinds of ornaments to relax. Doodling has a lot of advantages: it’s a very easy drawing technique for kids and adults; you can doodle literally everywhere – at home, at the airport, at school, in a park; it’s is a cheap way to entertain yourself and relax if you are exhausted. All the supplies you need is a pen and a small square of paper.
Today you will learn the basic principles of calligraphy and easy tutorials that everybody could repeat. Calligraphy is a beautiful kind of art that requires few supplies. But we share a quick hack that will help you to create beautiful letters only using 2 markers and a pencil. Watch the full tutorial in our video and share the results with us.
One more cool drawing technique is the stained glass painting. This is a kind of painting made on glass. You can work on glass surfaces and create magical pictures. You can decorate windows, plates, glasses and more! And remember that you can create lovely gifts for your friends or even decorate your room!
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00:44 Calligraphy basics
01:39 Zentangle art
08:42 Stained glass painting
13:25 How to draw a fish
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