T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, give guidelines to share, interact concepts throughout the void of area and time has actually made it possible to make excellent strides in our understanding of the cosmos, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the streets and gardens. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these large, substantial holy place complicateds they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economic situation, with great deals of materials, relocating to and from the holy place daily, they required to keep records in some way. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, to make sure that the priests may understand specifically what they have at hand in their huge holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do much. And right here comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to consider pictures as noises as well as combining sounds together enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that keeping that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on straightforward words, for example, a sickle plus grain might imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts as well as noises, which represent hundreds of photos. We’re not done. Because just how the scribes wrote has altered the way we write in Western countries today. Do you remember exactly how our close friend in the holy place includes grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him write. See just how he writes inside out, just as you would certainly create a listing. That will transform soon, due to the fact that the issue with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And also if you unintentionally relax your hand while creating inside out, you can conveniently erase the whole column you simply keyed in.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Yet due to the fact that they were upside-down, they were extra abstract currently. Also more various from the things and pictures they used to stand for. This composing system was then taken on by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it much more. Factors or tiny personalities have actually also been included in determine which component of the speech was which, to stay clear of obscurity.
As well as currently you have a real composing system.
Initial pictures, yet also pictograms transformed from them they entirely vanished right into the wedge prints and also lines produced by the stylus pen after that chosen. Which indicates as opposed to a handful of nouns to be created to supply checklists right here we have a creating system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing feature of clay: When a location refute and also all your records get on clay, as opposed to being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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