T11his capacity to hand down concepts to us across generations, offer directions to reveal, connect suggestions throughout the abyss of room and time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the world, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Take a look around. What do you see? Yes, you see potters and sellers.
You see the gardens and streets. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These holy places play a big duty in why creating began. Because Sumer was the country of the first genuine cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of individuals or thousands of individuals, yet with each other 10s of thousands. And also these cities developed city-states, joined by the prayer of a certain group of gods. People controlled irrigation and also cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those males bringing jugs packed with grain here? These temples also served as significant storage facilities. Database for the immense wide range of the city. In good times, presents streamed in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of supplies, transferring to and from the holy place each day, they required to keep documents in some way. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later on, to make sure that the priests may understand specifically what they contend hand in their gigantic holy place storehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
And also that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider pictures as audios and also incorporating noises with each other enables you to create various words.
As well as when you incorporate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on straightforward words, for instance, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and also sounds, which stand for hundreds of pictures. Yet we’re refrained yet. Since exactly how the scribes created has altered the means we write in Western countries today. Do you keep in mind exactly how our friend in the temple adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Enjoy him create. See just how he creates inside out, equally as you would compose a list. That will certainly change soon, because the trouble with clay is that it takes for life to completely dry. And also if you accidentally relax your hand while writing inside out, you can conveniently erase the whole column you simply keyed in.
Yet this threat is minimized if you start creating from delegated right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, yet various other literate people, who had to review it gained from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sidewards creating. So what did the scribes do? They just revolved all the personalities 90 levels to ensure that one might transform the table as well as read it from top to bottom customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have an actual creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
But it will not take place right here for a while. So allow’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
Another video brought to you by comments and questions! Today we review some of the biggest differences between the 2021 Hyundai Santa Fe Calligraphy and Limited trim levels. The Santa Fe Calligraphy has been so elusive for me to get my hands on because most are sold before they arrive at the dealership. Luckily one slipped through the cracks and I had just enough time to do the comparison between the Limited and Calligraphy packages the new Santa Fe from Hyundai. Sit back and Enjoy my quick walk around on two of Hyundai’s hottest SUVs!
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