T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, provide instructions to express, communicate concepts across the void of space and time has made it feasible to make great strides in our understanding of the world, shared understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see potters and merchants.
You see the roads and yards. Yet what do you see overlooking all of it? Forehead. These holy places play a large function in why creating began. Because Sumer was the nation of the initial actual cities on the planet.
Not thousands of people or hundreds of individuals, yet together 10s of thousands. And these cities created city-states, joined by the worship of a specific group of gods. People regulated watering as well as cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those guys bringing jugs filled with grain right here? These temples likewise functioned as massive storage facilities. Repository for the tremendous wide range of the city. In great times, presents moved in.
As well as in tough times, they were split back. This system created a significant wide range for the clergyman, but he likewise ensured that cities of this dimension can work. We don’t care now. Look alongside the guys that bring the grain. Do you see a man viewing them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are important due to the fact that when several of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to consider an icon as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a symbol showing a word as well as begin to assume about the general meaning of its sound, which can show a lot more particular things. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as sounds as well as combining sounds with each other permits you to create various words.
And also when you incorporate that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on straightforward words, as an example, a sickle plus grain could suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. We’re not done. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the method we compose in Western countries today. Do you remember just how our friend in the holy place adds grain?
Did the pens on the clay table? Watch him create. See just how he writes inside out, equally as you would create a listing. That will transform quickly, since the trouble with clay is that it takes forever to dry. And also if you unintentionally relax your hand while composing inside out, you can conveniently erase the whole column you just keyed in.
But this risk is lowered if you begin writing from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was much easier for scribes, however various other literate individuals, that had to review it gained from leading to base, so they didn’t like this laterally creating. What did the scribes do? They just rotated all the characters 90 degrees to ensure that one might transform the table and review it inside out customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also currently you have a genuine creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
It won’t happen here for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people.
I apologize for the jittery transitions… crappy software. Trying to correct for next video