T11his capacity to hand down concepts to us across generations, provide directions to reveal, communicate suggestions across the abyss of room and also time has made it feasible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the world, mutual understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of people or countless individuals, however together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities developed city-states, united by the praise of a particular team of gods. People managed irrigation and cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a more detailed look. Do you see those males bringing containers loaded with grain right here? These temples also functioned as big stockrooms. Database for the tremendous wide range of the city. In excellent times, presents moved in.
As well as in challenging times, they were separated back. This system created a big wealth for the clergyman, but he also ensured that cities of this dimension could operate. We don’t care now. Look alongside the males who lug the grain. Do you see a male seeing them?
Note that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with great deals of supplies, relocating to as well as from the temple everyday, they needed to maintain documents somehow. And also that’s precisely what he does. That table will certainly be conserved later, to ensure that the priests might know precisely what they contend hand in their giant temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
He drew a little image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this great little illustration of grain has actually been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were seeking faster and much easier means to tape-record commodities, they did not busily draw every sub-item gave the holy place, yet instead they concerned an equally concurred collection of even more symbolic representations for products flowing right into divine locations. And also you can see just how somebody could take place, that these signs require not only stand for the concept of something, yet additionally words itself.
And also that’s specifically what took place.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
If you can hear them, it would seem like every person was stating the same thing over and over again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these points are necessary because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a symbol as a word, however as a noise for that word. Quit thinking about a symbol indicating a word and start to think of the basic definition of its noise, which can indicate a lot more particular points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to consider photos as sounds as well as combining noises together permits you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Because they were upside down, they were more abstract now. A lot more different from the things and pictures they used to stand for. This creating system was then taken on by the bordering Akkad and also Elamites, who generalized it a lot more. Elements or little characters have additionally been included in determine which part of the speech was which, to prevent uncertainty.
And currently you have a real creating system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
#Hyundai #Santa #Calligraphy #Build #amp #Price #Review #Features #Configurations #Interior #Colors
On this episode of Build Your Own, we build, price, and review a 2021 Hyundai Santa Fe Calligraphy as well as learn about the features, colors, and configurations. The 2-row, 5-passenger 2021 Santa Fe is available with many interior features as well as exterior color choices.
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