T11his capacity to pass on concepts to us across generations, provide instructions to reveal, interact concepts across the abyss of space and time has actually made it possible to make terrific strides in our understanding of the universe, good understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of individuals or thousands of individuals, but together 10s of thousands. And these cities produced city-states, joined by the praise of a particular group of gods. People regulated irrigation and cities grew. And also as cities expanded, so did the holy places for the gods.
Yet these substantial, huge temple complexes they did not serve just as tabernacles.
No, take a better look. Do you see those guys bringing containers packed with grain right here? These holy places additionally acted as huge stockrooms. Repository for the immense wealth of the city. In good times, gifts moved in.
As well as in hard times, they were separated back. This system produced a huge wealth for the clergyman, but he likewise ensured that cities of this dimension can operate. Yet we do not care now. Look beside the guys who bring the grain. Do you see a guy viewing them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of products, transferring to as well as from the temple everyday, they required to maintain records somehow. Which’s specifically what he does. That table will be conserved later on, so that the clergymans may understand exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple warehouse. Even though brands have their place in the original writing, there is something much more interesting for us on this damp piece of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Yet still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And also below comes a pleased linguistic coincidence. Do you see individuals at the temple talking with each other?
If you can hear them, it would certainly seem like everyone was stating the same point over and over once more. This is since Sumerian is a language where most words are simply syllables and also where the terms are composed of word composition. Both of these points are essential because when several of your words are monosyllabic, it is simple not to think about a sign as a word, yet as a sound for that word. Stop thinking about a sign suggesting a word and also begin to think of the basic definition of its audio, which can suggest more specific points. Once you do this, you will not attract photos for each word in the language.
Currently you start to consider pictures as sounds and incorporating sounds with each other enables you to develop different words.
As well as when you combine that with that said in Sumerian a variety of terms were based upon easy words, for example, a sickle plus grain can suggest a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent countless photos. We’re not done. Since exactly how the scribes composed has transformed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you bear in mind exactly how our pal in the holy place adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read personalities created sidewards from delegated right. Yet since they were upside down, they were a lot more abstract currently. Much more different from the pictures and also things they made use of to stand for. This composing system was after that adopted by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, that generalized it a lot more. Aspects or small personalities have actually additionally been added to identify which part of the speech was which, to prevent ambiguity.
And currently you have a genuine writing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
#Ways #Write #Letter #quotCquot #Brush #Calligraphy
Watch me letter… again!! I’m going to be writing out the capital letter “C” in 15 different calligraphy styles.
I’m working off of free worksheets that you grab for yourself at www.TheHappyEverCrafter.com/FreeWorksheets
Tools used in this video:
About The Happy Ever Crafter:
Welcome to my channel! I’m Becca and I do & teach modern calligraphy. On this channel, you’ll find all my most requested modern calligraphy tutorials, tips & tricks!.
✍🏻 Want my free 50-page guide of ALL the supplies I use in my calligraphy work? Find that here: https://www.thehappyevercrafter.com/supplies
😯 Sign up for my FREE calligraphy course:
🤷🏻♀️ Want to learn even more about calligraphy? Check out my website!