T11his ability to pass on concepts to us throughout generations, offer directions to share, communicate ideas across the void of area and also time has actually made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
But to recognize how composing started, we need to go to old Sumer, where writing very first started to be utilized thoroughly. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads as well as gardens. Yet what do you see looming over everything? Forehead. These temples play a large duty in why creating started. Because Sumer was the country of the first genuine cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
However these massive, large holy place complexes they did not offer only as habitations.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s precisely what took place.
The icon for the cow was recognized not just as a representative of the pet, however also as a word cow as such. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can not do a lot. And below comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see the people at the holy place chatting to each various other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you begin to consider photos as noises and integrating noises with each other enables you to create different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. But sufficient people in the temple didn’t like the technology. It was simpler for scribes, but various other literate people, that had to review it learned from top to base, so they really did not like this sidewards composing. So what did the scribes do? They merely turned all the personalities 90 degrees so that one could transform the table as well as review it from top to bottom as normal.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have a genuine creating system.
Original pictures, however likewise pictograms changed from them they entirely vanished right into the wedge prints and lines developed by the stylus then chosen. Which means rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock checklists below we have a composing system that can offer us abstract as well as lyrical points like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Funny thing about clay: When an area refute as well as all your documents get on clay, as opposed to being destroyed, they set and stay.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies.
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