T11his capability to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, offer directions to share, interact ideas throughout the void of area and time has made it possible to make fantastic strides in our understanding of the world, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not thousands of individuals or thousands of people, but together 10s of thousands. As well as these cities produced city-states, united by the prayer of a particular team of gods. People managed watering and cities expanded. And also as cities grew, so did the holy places for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in challenging times, they were divided back. This system developed a substantial wealth for the clergyman, yet he also made certain that cities of this dimension could operate. Yet we do not care now. Look following to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a guy enjoying them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
As well as that’s precisely what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Currently you start to assume of photos as sounds and also integrating noises with each other permits you to produce various words.
And when you integrate that with that said in Sumerian a number of terms were based on easy words, for example, a sickle plus grain can imply a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which stand for thousands of pictures. We’re not done. Since just how the scribes created has actually transformed the means we create in Western countries today. Do you remember exactly how our friend in the temple adds grain?
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
However this danger is reduced if you begin writing from delegated right. But enough individuals in the holy place really did not like the advancement. It was less complicated for scribes, but other literate people, that had to review it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this laterally composing. What did the scribes do? They just turned all the personalities 90 degrees so that one can transform the table and review it from top to base customarily.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as currently you have an actual composing system.
Which means instead of a handful of nouns to be written to stock lists here we have a writing system that can give us abstract and lyrical things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Funny thing about clay: When a place burns down and all your records are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they harden and remain.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of people and companies. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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10 CALLIGRAPHERS WRITING THEIR FAVOURITE PEN TO WRITE | CALLIGRAPHY MASTERS
This is a bonus episode for We Are Calligraphy Season 2
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00:10 – https://www.instagram.com/flaviosarticaligrafia/ Brush pen & parallel pen
00:39 – https://www.instagram.com/bad_calligraphy/ Brush pen and oblique pen
00:59 – https://www.instagram.com/eindraw/ Brush pen and Quill
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02:19 – https://www.instagram.com/sevensadforests/ Automatic pen and Brush pen
02:38 – https://www.instagram.com/sarahscript/ paper mate sharp writer, Bic pen, oblique pen
03:00 – https://www.instagram.com/allanvisses/ Bic cristal and pencil
03:31 – https://www.instagram.com/avinash_calligraphy/ straight pen holder with broad-edged nib, oblique pen and pilot parallel pen
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