T11his ability to pass on ideas to us throughout generations, provide instructions to reveal, connect concepts throughout the abyss of area as well as time has made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, shared understanding as well as self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. But what do you see towering over everything? Forehead. These holy places play a big function in why creating started. Because Sumer was the nation of the first actual cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
Yet these massive, huge temple complexes they did not serve only as habitations.
No, take a better look. Do you see those men bringing jugs filled with grain below? These temples additionally served as significant stockrooms. Repository for the enormous wealth of the city. In excellent times, presents moved in.
Look next to the men who carry the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will make a little mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s specifically what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. However still, with a thousand nouns, you can’t do a lot. As well as below comes a happy linguistic coincidence. Do you see the individuals at the holy place chatting to each other?
If you could hear them, it would certainly appear like everyone was claiming the exact same point over as well as over once again. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are very important since when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is very easy not to think of a sign as a word, yet as an audio for that word. Stop thinking about a symbol showing a word and also start to think of the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you begin to consider images as noises and also combining sounds with each other enables you to create various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
Did the pens on the clay table? View him create. See exactly how he writes inside out, equally as you would create a checklist. That will certainly alter soon, because the problem with clay is that it takes forever to dry. As well as if you inadvertently rest your hand while creating inside out, you can conveniently delete the entire column you simply entered.
Yet this risk is reduced if you start composing from entrusted to right. Enough people in the temple didn’t like the innovation. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, that had to review it gained from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing. So what did the scribes do? They simply turned all the characters 90 degrees to make sure that one could transform the table as well as read it inside out as typical.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
As well as now you have a genuine composing system.
Original pictures, but also pictograms changed from them they completely disappeared into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus after that chosen. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be contacted stock listings right here we have a composing system that can offer us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we know all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When an area burns down as well as all your documents are on clay, instead of being destroyed, they remain and harden.
It won’t happen here for a while. So let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. Although from what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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Kirsten Burke, British modern calligraphy pioneer shows you which nibs she recommends for beginners, how to insert them into the pen holder and get fabulous results in this ‘how to’ video to accompany her book ‘Secrets of Modern Calligraphy’ available on Amazon and at www.themoderncalligraphyco.com. This book is really like a beginners course, taking you from the first simple strokes, through to forming letters, then connecting them to write beautiful words and sentences.
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