T11his capacity to hand down suggestions to us throughout generations, give instructions to reveal, communicate suggestions across the void of room and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of the world, mutual understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Check out. What do you see? Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the roads and also gardens. What do you see towering over it all? Forehead. These temples play a large function in why composing began. Because Sumer was the country of the initial genuine cities on the planet.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
But these massive, huge temple complicateds they did not serve just as tabernacles.
Do you see those men bringing jugs full of grain here? These temples also served as huge warehouses.
And in difficult times, they were split back. This system developed a huge riches for the priest, however he additionally guaranteed that cities of this size can operate. We don’t care now. Look beside the males who bring the grain. Do you see a male watching them?
Note that whenever they bring a container of grain, he will certainly make a tiny mark on his clay table.
With such an economy, with lots of supplies, moving to and from the temple every day, they needed to keep records somehow. That table will be saved later, so that the priests may know exactly what they have at hand in their giant temple storehouse.
He drew a small image of a grain stalk alongside his documents, so it is clear that his information describe grain. For generations, this nice little drawing of grain has been simplified. More abstract. Scribes were searching for faster and also less complicated means to tape-record products, they did not busily draw every sub-item offered the holy place, however instead they pertained to an equally agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods streaming right into divine areas. As well as you can see just how someone might occur, that these signs need not only stand for the principle of something, however likewise words itself.
And also that’s exactly what occurred.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
It would sound like everyone was saying the same thing over and over again if you could hear them. Because Sumerian is a language where most words are just syllables and where the terms are composed of word composition, this is. Both of these factors are very important due to the fact that when a lot of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to believe of an icon as a word, but as a noise for that word. Stop thinking about a sign showing a word and also start to assume regarding the general meaning of its sound, which can show a lot more particular points. You will not draw pictures for each word in the language once you do this.
Now you start to think about pictures as noises and also incorporating sounds with each other enables you to produce different words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with concepts and sounds, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. Yet since they were upside down, they were extra abstract currently. Even a lot more different from the pictures and also things they utilized to stand for. This creating system was after that taken on by the surrounding Akkad and Elamites, who generalised it a lot more. Variables or small characters have actually additionally been added to figure out which component of the speech was which, to avoid obscurity.
And now you have a genuine composing system.
Original photos, however additionally pictograms transformed from them they completely disappeared right into the wedge prints and also lines created by the stylus pen after that chosen. Which indicates rather than a handful of nouns to be composed to supply lists right here we have a writing system that can give us lyrical and abstract points like the Legendary of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. Exactly how do we understand all this? Amusing aspect of clay: When a place burns down as well as all your documents are on clay, as opposed to being ruined, they remain and harden.
Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. Writing.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. Let us know in the comments if you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people. If so, we’ll try to do it sometimes.
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