T11his capability to pass on suggestions to us across generations, give directions to share, communicate ideas across the abyss of space and also time has actually made it feasible to make wonderful strides in our understanding of deep space, common understanding and also self-understanding.
To understand how writing began, we must go to ancient Sumer, where writing first began to be used extensively. Yes, you see merchants and potters.
You see the gardens and streets. These temples play a big role in why writing began.
Not hundreds of people or thousands of people, but together tens of thousands. And as cities grew, so did the temples for the gods.
These massive, vast temple complexes they did not serve only as tabernacles.
No, take a closer look. Do you see those males bringing jugs packed with grain right here? These holy places additionally worked as huge warehouses. Database for the tremendous wide range of the city. In great times, gifts streamed in.
As well as in challenging times, they were divided back. This system created a significant riches for the clergyman, however he likewise ensured that cities of this dimension might function. However we do not care now. Look beside the guys that lug the grain. Do you see a man watching them?
Keep in mind that whenever they bring a jug of grain, he will certainly make a small mark on his clay table.
With such an economic climate, with great deals of supplies, transferring to as well as from the holy place each day, they required to maintain documents somehow. Which’s exactly what he does. That table will be saved later on, to make sure that the clergymans may know exactly what they contend hand in their giant temple storehouse. Yet despite the fact that brand names have their place in the initial writing, there is something a lot more fascinating for us on this damp item of clay that he holds.
Scribes were looking for faster and easier ways to record commodities, they did not laboriously draw every sub-item brought to the temple, but instead they came to a mutually agreed set of more symbolic representations for goods flowing into holy places. And you can see how someone could happen, that these symbols need not only represent the concept of something, but also the word itself.
Which’s exactly what happened.
The symbol for the cow was understood not only as a representative of the animal, but also as a word cow. Do you see the people at the temple talking to each other?
Both of these points are important because when many of your words are monosyllabic, it is easy not to think of a symbol as a word, but as a sound for that word. Stop thinking of a symbol indicating a word and begin to think about the general meaning of its sound, which can indicate more specific things.
Now you start to assume of pictures as audios and also integrating audios together enables you to produce various words.
And when you combine that with that in Sumerian a number of terms were based on simple words, for example, a sickle plus grain could mean a harvest, so there is a quantum of what you can do with sounds and concepts, which represent thousands of images. Because how the scribes wrote has changed the way we write in Western countries today.
See how he writes from top to bottom, just as you would write a list. And if you accidentally rest your hand while writing from top to bottom, you can easily delete the entire column you just typed.
This risk is reduced if you start writing from left to. It was easier for scribes, but other literate people, who had to read it learned from top to bottom, so they didn’t like this sideways writing.
Soon people read characters written sideways from left to. This writing system was then adopted by the neighboring Akkad and Elamites, who generalized it even more.
And also now you have an actual creating system.
Original pictures, yet also pictograms changed from them they totally vanished into the wedge prints as well as lines developed by the stylus pen after that favored. Which means as opposed to a handful of nouns to be contacted stock lists here we have a composing system that can provide us lyrical and abstract things like the Epic of Gilgamesh or Enum elish. How do we understand all this? Funny aspect of clay: When a place refute and all your records are on clay, as opposed to being damaged, they harden as well as continue to be.
However it won’t happen below for a while. Let’s praise scribes like this and the wonderful city of Sumer for what they gave us. A gift that lasted us more than five and a half thousand years. Writing. Since we don’t get to the False Episodes for these one-offs, I want to emphasize that this is only the first place in history where writing has flourished.
It will later develop independently in Mesoamerica and was almost certainly developed independently in China. There is a great deal of controversy over whether it has developed independently in the Indus Valley and Egypt. From what we have read, which is far from enough for a layman’s opinion, I believe that both groups have inherited the basic concept from Sumer. If you liked this attempt and you are interested in the history of ideas as well as the history of companies and people, let us know in the comments. We’ll try to do it sometimes if so.
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